The night of November 9-10, 1938, marked the beginning of the final chapter in the thousand year-old history of Germany’s Jewish communities. On “Kristallnacht” or “Crystal Night”, as it was cynically named by the Nazis, the Nazi party went on a rampage against the Jews, destroying almost 300 synagogues, 7500 Jewish businesses, thousands of residences, and community buildings across Germany. Ninety-one Jews were murdered in what was the first widespread pogrom in Germany since the Middle Ages. Night of the Reich’s Pogrom (2001, 47 minutes) tells the story of how the Nazis shaped public opinion in Germany to create a climate receptive to attacks against the Jews, which would eventually lead to the “Final Solution,” or extermination of most of European Jewry. The film features interviews with Jewish survivors, with German eyewitnesses, and with two prominent historians, Michael Marrus and Robert Gellately.
Produced and directed by David Kaufman for Barna Alper Productions and the History Channel
Faculty: David Kaufman