…and the Earliest Musical Documents
The interest of Ashkenazic klezmorim and hazzanim in Ottoman Turkish music can be seen already in the 17th century and goes right through into the 20th century. This talk/mini-course will present several notated and recorded documents, beginning with a unique dance melody from the manuscript of the Ottoman Moldavian Prince Cantemir (ca. 1700). Several violin-based melodies of the German hazzan Aaron Beer (ca. 1791) will be compared with the Ottoman peşrev melodies of the court musician Tanburi Isak Fresco-Romano (d. 1814). Other of Isak’s melodies will be compared with klezmer table melodies of late 19th century Ukraine. The rhythmic wedding genre known as “terkisher dobriden” will be analyzed in relation to 18th and 19th century notated sources. And recordings of the flowing rhythm improvisation “tsvei shtrunes” (two strings) and “terkisher gebet” (Turkish prayer) will be analyzed.
Faculty: Walter Zev Feldman